List of executive actions by Donald Trump
United States presidents issue executive orders to help officers and agencies of the executive branch manage the operations within the federal government itself. Presidential memoranda are closely related, and like executive orders have the force of law on the Executive Branch, but are generally considered less prestigious. Presidential memoranda do not have an established process for issuance or publication; unlike executive orders, they are not numbered. A Presidential determination is a determination resulting in an official policy or position of the executive branch of the United States government. Presidential determinations may involve any number of actions, including setting or changing policy, or any number of other exercises of executive power. A Presidential proclamation is a statement issued by a president on a matter of public policy. They are generally defined as, "the act of causing some state matters to be published or made generally known. A written or printed document in which are contained such matters, issued by proper authority; as the president's proclamation, the governor's, the mayor's proclamation." A Presidential notice or Presidential Sequestration can also be issued.
Executive orders, Presidential memoranda, Presidential determinations, Presidential proclamations, and Presidential notices are compiled by the Office of the Federal Register (within the National Archives and Records Administration) and are printed by the Government Printing Office. They are published daily, except on federal holidays. A free source of these documents is the Federal Register, which contains government agency rules, proposed rules, and public notices. There are no copyright restrictions on the Federal Register; as a |work of the U.S. government, it is in the public domain.
Listed below are executive orders beginning with order number 13765, Presidential memoranda, Presidential determinations, Presidential proclamations, Presidential notices, and Presidential Sequestration Orders signed by United States President Donald Trump.
List of Executive actions[edit | edit source]
This list is broken up into smaller lists, based on type. Select a type of action from the list below.
- Executive orders
- Presidential memoranda
- Presidential determinations
- Presidential proclamations
- Administrative orders
- Presidential notices
- Presidential sequestration orders
- National security presidential memoranda
Discrepancies between White House versions and Federal Register versions[edit | edit source]
In February 2017, a review of presidential documents by USA Today showed that the White House posted inaccurate texts of Trump's executive orders on its website, conflicting with the official versions published in the Federal Register. Most of the differences were minor grammatical or typographic changes, but there were "two cases where the original text referred to inaccurate or non-existent provisions of law." This raised concerns among advocates for government transparency; the executive director of the Sunlight Foundation said that the "last-minute edits" to the orders indicated problems with the Trump administration's "vetting, sign-off, and publication processes for executive orders." The inaccuracies also prompted concern because the Federal Register versions of presidential documents are often published several days after they are signed, "meaning that the public must often rely on what the White House puts out." In the order on ethics guidelines for federal appointees, the WhiteHouse.gov section cites "section 207 of title 28, United States Code," which Pro Publica found does not exist. The correct citation, made in the Federal Register version, is section 207 of title 18.
Gallery[edit | edit source]
Images[edit | edit source]
President Trump signing Executive Order 13772.
Trump signing s:Executive Order 13780.
President Trump signing Executive Order 13792.
President Trump signing the Presidential memoranda Regarding the Hiring Freeze, the Regarding the Mexico City Policy, and the Regarding Withdrawal of the United States from the Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations and Agreement.
Videos[edit | edit source]
President Trump signing Executive Order 13779.
President Trump speaks about the Republican replacement bill for the Affordable Care Act.
President Trump and Vice President Pence speak about Executive Order 13783.
References[edit | edit source]
Notes[edit | edit source]
- ^ National security directives are generally highly classified and are not executive orders. However, in an unprecedented move, the Trump administration ordered their national security directives to be published in the Federal Register.
- ^ National Security and Homeland Security Presidential Directives address continuity of government in the event of a "catastrophic emergency" disrupting the U.S. population, economy, environment, infrastructure and government policy.
- ^ On April 25, 2017, United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of California William Orrick III ruled that Trump exceeded his presidential authority when he signed EO 13768 on January 25, 2017, directing his administration to withhold all federal funding from local jurisdictions deemed to be "sanctuary jurisdictions" including "sanctuary cities" by issuing a preliminary injunction.
- ^ Revoked by: EO 13780, of March 16, 2017.
- ^ Revokes: EO 13769, of March 16, 2017.
- ^ On March 15, 2017, Judge Derrick Watson of the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii issued a temporary restraining order enjoining the government from enforcing several key provisions of the order (Sections 2 and 6). The judge claimed the executive order was likely motivated by anti-Muslim sentiment and thus breached the Establishment Clause of the United States Constitution. On the same date, Judge Theodore Chuang of the United States District Court for the District of Maryland reached a similar conclusion (enjoining Section 2(c) only). The Department of Justice stated that it "will continue to defend [the] Executive Order in the courts". Shortly following arguments from the state of Hawaii and the Department of Justice, the restraining order was converted by Watson into an indefinite preliminary injunction on March 29.
- ^ United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit in Richmond, Virginia, refused on May 25, 2017 to reinstate the ban, citing religious discrimination. On June 1, 2017, the Trump administration appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court for the cancellation of the preliminary injunctions and to allow the order to go into effect while the court looks at its ultimate legality later in the year. On June 26, 2017, the Supreme Court partially lifted the halt and will hear oral arguments for the petition to vacate the injunctions in the fall.
- ^ Revokes: EO 13673 of July 31, 2014, section 3 of EO 13683 of December 11, 2014, and EO 13738 of August 23, 2016.
- ^ Revokes: EO 13775 of February 9, 2017.
- ^ Revokes: EO 13575 (Establishment of the White House Rural Council) of June 9, 2011.
- ^ Amends: EO 13067 of November 3, 1997; EO 13412 of October 13, 2006; and EO 13761 of January 13, 2017.
- ^ Revised: Regarding Construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline of January 24, 2017. Document Citation:82 FR 11129. Document Number:R1-2017-02032.
- ^ Pub.L. 87–794, 76 Stat. 872, enacted October 11, 1962, 19 U.S.C. § 1801
- ^ On April 26, 2017, Trump announced that he would not have the United States withdraw from the NAFTA Negotiations and Agreement. He will attempt to re-negotiate the agreement with Canada and Mexico.
- ^ Revokes: Presidential Memorandum 10 of January 28, 2017.
- ^ Continues: EO 13664, of April 3, 2014.
- ^ Continues: EO 13694, of December 28, 2016.
- ^ Continues: EO 13536, of April 12, 2010.
- ^ Continues: EO 13611, of May 16, 2012.
- ^ Continues: EO 13338, of May 11, 2004.
- ^ Continues: EO 13667, of May 12, 2014.
- ^ Continues: EO 13303, of May 22, 2003.
- ^ Continues: EO 13405, of June 16, 2006.
- ^ Continues: EO 13466, of June 26, 2008; Expanded in scope in EO 13551 of August 30, 2010; Addressed further in EO 13570 of April 18, 2011; Further expanded in scope in EO 13687 of January 2, 2015; Under which additional steps were taken in EO 13722 of March 15, 2016.
- ^ Continues: EO 13219 of June 26, 2001.
- ^ Continues: EO 13581 of July 25, 2011.
- ^ Revokes: Notice 11 of July 19, 2017; Continues: EO 13581 of July 25, 2011.
- ^ Continues: EO 13341 of August 1, 2007.
- ^ Continues: EO 13222 of August 17, 2001; Amended by EO 13637 of March 8, 2013.
- ^ Continues: Proclamation 7463 of September 14, 2001.
- ^ Continues: EO 13224 of September 23, 2001.
- ^ United States Statutes at Large: Pub.L. 101–355 of August 10, 1990.
- ^ Revokes: EO 13522 of December 9, 2009.
- ^ Amends: EO 13597 of January 19, 2012.
- ^ Proclamation 9645 of September 24, 2017, supplements EO 13780 of March 6, 2017.
- ^ On October 17, 2017, Judge Derrick Watson, of the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii issued another temporary restraining order that was asked by the state of Hawaii. Watson's decision noted that the latest ban “suffers from precisely the same maladies as its predecessor” as it “plainly discriminates based on nationality” and as such violates federal law and “the founding principles of this Nation.”
- ^ Continues: EO 12978 of October 21, 1995.
- ^ Made into effect by: Pub.L. 88–628, 78 Stat. 1003 of October 6, 1964.
- ^ Amends: EO 13223 of September 14, 2001.
- ^ Presidential Determination No. 2017-15 of September 30, 2017, is not in the White House's official website. Presidential Determination No. 2017-14 of September 30, 2017, is listed twice.
- ^ President John F. Kennedy Assassination Records Collection Act of 1992 (Pub.L. 102–526, 106 Stat. 3443) stated that the records had to be released after 25 years of the signing date (October 26, 1992). Only 2,800 records of the 29,000 were released on October 26, 2017. The next day, Trump said he would begin to roll out the rest of the records as they were processed and deemed not to raise national security concerns. On November 3, 2017, the National Archives released 676 C.I.A. records. 
- ^ Continues: EO 13413 of October 27, 2006.
- ^ Continues: EO 13067 of November 3, 1997; Continues expansion: EO 13400 of April 26, 2006; Additional steps were taken in EO 13412 of October 13, 2006, EO 13761 of January 13, 2017, and EO 13804 of July 11, 2017.
- ^ Trump chose to observe the entire month of November to United States Veterans & their families and the traditional Veterans Day (36 U.S.C. § 145).
- ^ Continues: EO 12170 of November 14, 1979.
- ^ Continues: EO 13712 of November 22, 2015.
Citations[edit | edit source]
- Office of the Press Secretary (January 4, 1996). "Suspending Restrictions on U.S. Relations with the Palestine Liberation Organization". Yale Law School. Yale University. White House. Retrieved February 23, 2017.
- "Proclamation". Lectlaw.com. Carson City, Nevada: The 'Lectric Law Library. Retrieved February 6, 2017.
- Relyea, Harold C. (February 10, 2003). "Presidential Directives: Background and Overview" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. Retrieved March 24, 2017.
- Johnson, Paul M. "Sequestration". Department of Political Science. Auburn, Alabama: Auburn University. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
- 44 U.S.C. § 1505
- 1 C.F.R. 2.6; "Any person may reproduce or republish, without restriction, any material appearing in any regular or special edition of the Federal Register."
- Korte, Gregory (February 14, 2017). "White House posts wrong versions of Trump's orders on its website". USA Today. McLean, Virginia: Gannett Company. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
- Bunker, Theodore (February 15, 2017). "White House Posts Incorrect Texts of Trump's Orders". Newsmax. United States: Newsmax Media. Retrieved March 10, 2017.
- Aftergood, Steven (July 5, 2017). "Still No Classified Trump Presidential Directives". Federation of American Scientists. Washington, D.C.: Blogger. Retrieved October 5, 2017.
- Yee, Vivian (April 25, 2017). "Judge Blocks Trump Effort to Withhold Money From Sanctuary Cities". The New York Times. New York City: The New York Times Company. Retrieved April 26, 2017.
- Gomez, Alan (April 25, 2017). "Federal judge blocks Trump plan to punish ‘sanctuary cities’". USA Today. McLean, Virginia: Gannett Company. Retrieved April 26, 2017.
- Kopan, Tal (April 25, 2017). "Judge blocks part of Trump's sanctuary cities executive order". CNN. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System. Retrieved April 26, 2017.
- Jacobo, Julia; Katersky, Aaron (April 25, 2017). "Federal judge rules Trump cannot punish sanctuary cities by withholding funds". ABC News. New York City: ABC. Retrieved April 26, 2017.
- Gonzales, Richard (March 15, 2017). "Trump Travel Ban Blocked Nationwide By Federal Judges In Hawaii, Maryland". NPR. Washington, D.C.: Corporation for Public Broadcasting. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
- Financial Times. London: The Nikkei. March 30, 2017. Retrieved March 30, 2017. .
- Werner, Erica; Jalonick, Mary Clare (March 29, 2017). "Federal judge in Hawaii extends order halting Trump's travel ban". Chicago Tribune. Chicago: Tronc, Inc. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
- Liptak, Adam (May 25, 2017). "Appeals Court Will Not Reinstate Trump’s Revised Travel Ban". The New York Times. New York City: The New York Times Company. Retrieved June 29, 2017.
- de Vogue, Ariane; Jarrett, Laura (June 2, 2017). "Trump admin appeals travel ban case to Supreme Court". CNN. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System. Retrieved June 2, 2017.
- de Vogue, Ariane (June 26, 2017). "Supreme Court allows parts of travel ban to go into effect". CNN. Atlanta: Turner Broadcasting System. Retrieved June 29, 2017.
- Hjelmgaard, Kim (April 26, 2017). "Trump backtracks: U.S. will not withdraw from NAFTA". USA Today. McLean, Virginia: Gannett Company. Retrieved April 27, 2017.
- Zapotosky, Matt (October 17, 2017). "Federal judge blocks Trump’s third travel ban". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.: Nash Holdings LLC. Retrieved October 19, 2017.
- Stanglin, Doug (November 3, 2017). "National Archives releases an additional 676 JFK assassination documents". USA Today. McLean, Virginia: Gannett Company. Retrieved November 4, 2017.
Sources[edit | edit source]
- Schmidt, Steffen W.; Shelley, Mack C.; Bardes, Barbara A.; Ford, Lynne E. (2013). American Government and Politics Today, 2013-2014. American and Texas Government (16th ed.). Belmont, California: Wadsworth Publishing Company, Inc. ISBN 978-1133602132.
- Relyea, Harold C. (November 26, 2008). "Presidential Directives: Background and Overview" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Washington, D.C.: United States Congress. Order Code 98-611 GOV. Retrieved October 8, 2017.
- United States Congress. United States Code, 2000, V. 27: Title 50, War and National Defense, Popular Names, and Tables, Revised Titles, Revised Statutes 1878, and Statutes at Large (1789-1899) (2000 ed.). Washington, D.C.: Office of the Law Revision Counsel. p. 36. ISBN 978-0160507151.
- Bowe, James; Engel, Tim; Greer, Scott; Orava, Stephen; Taylor, J. Michael (January 27, 2017). "President Trump Issues Memorandum On 'Construction Of American Pipelines' - Prioritizes U.S.-Produced "Materials And Equipment"". JD Supra Law News. Sausalito, California: JD Supra, LLC. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
- Blanchard, Christopher M. (2009). Iraq: Oil and Gas Legislation, Revenue Sharing, and U.S. Policy (Kindle ed.). Seattle: Amazon Digital Services LLC. p. 17. ASIN B005J01TQU.
- Zedalis, Rex J. (2010). Claims against Iraqi Oil and Gas: Legal Considerations and Lessons Learned (1st ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 178. ISBN 978-0521193504.
[edit | edit source]
- Executive orders listed on the Federal Register's official website
- Executive orders, presidential memoranda, and presidential proclamations on the White House's official website
- GPO's Federal Digital System (FDsys) - Bulk Data, Download multiple issues of the Federal Register or latest Code of Federal Regulations in XML.
- Executive Office of the President